Tour Eiffel Fleur

Art and the Eiffel Tower

From the beginning the Tower was an attraction, but in the 1920s it became a symbol of modernity and the avant-garde. Little by little, its image was associated with Paris, until it even became its worldwide symbol.

Poets, painters, singers, choreographers, film directors, and photographers have all paid homage to it.

Sommaire

Painting and the Eiffel Tower

Ahead of their time, painters made the Tower into a favourite subject, and contemporary artists continue to use it as a model.

Georges Seurat painted it in 1888, before it was even finished. Later on, le Douanier Rousseau, Signac, Bonnard, Utrillo, Gromaire, Vuillard, Dufy, and Chagall all celebrated the Tower. From 1910 Robert Delaunay gave it cubist aspects in a whole series of canvas paintings.

A few painters:

  • 1888 - Georges Seurat: « La Tour Eiffel » (Fine Arts, Museum of San Francisco).
  • 1889 - Jean Beraud: « Entrée de l’Exposition Universelle » (Musée Carnavalet, Paris).
  • 1890 - Le Douanier Rousseau: « Moi-même, portrait paysage » (Narodni Galerie, Prague).
  • 1899 - Paul Signac: « Seine Grenelle » (Coll. Particulière).
  • 1910/1912 - Robert Delaunay: « La Ville de Paris » (MNAM - Centre G. Pompidou, Paris).
  • 1911/1912 - Robert Delaunay: « La Tour Rouge » (S.R. Guggenheim Museum, New York).
  • 1912 - Romaine Brooks: « Jean Cocteau à l'époque de la grande Roue » (MNAM - Centre G. Pompidou, Paris).
  • 1913 - Marc Chagall: « Paris par la fenêtre » (S.R. Guggenheim Museum, New York).
  • 1954 - Nicolas de Staël: « La Tour Eiffel » (Musée d'Art moderne, Troyes).
  • 1954/1955 - Marc Chagall: « Le Champ de Mars » (Musée Folkwang, Essen).

Also: Raoul Dufy, Gino Severini, Utrillo, Bernard Buffet, Pol Bury, Roger Lersy…

Oeuvre de Chagall

The Eiffel Tower, a muse for the seventh art

Filmed by Louis Lumière from as early as 1897, and present ever since in a considerable number of productions, the Eiffel Tower was all the more tied to the adventure of cinema as Gustave Eiffel contributed as a silent partner to the company created by Léon Gaumont in 1895. During the 20th Century, the Eiffel Tower became the symbol of Paris and of France throughout the world. From the beginnings of cinema to today, its presence has given us somewhere to set the plot, or allowed us to give our works a timeless or romantic edge.

  • 1897 - « Panorama pendant l’ascension de la Tour Eiffel » de Louis Lumière
  • 1900 - « L’Exposition de 1900 » de Georges Méliès.
  • 1906 - « La Course à la perruque » de Georges Hatot.
  • 1924 - « Paris qui dort » de René Clair.
  • 1927 - « Mystères de la Tour Eiffel » de Julien Duvivier.
  • 1928 - « La Tour » de René Clair (documentaire).
  • 1931 - « La Fin du monde » d’Abel Gance.
  • 1939 - « La Tour Eiffel » de Jean Denis.
  • 1947 - « À l’assaut de la Tour Eiffel » de Alain Pol.
  • 1949 - « L’Homme de la Tour Eiffel » de Burgess Meredith.
  • 1953 - « Bonjour Paris » de Jean Image (dessin animé).
  • 1955 - « Marguerite de la nuit » de Claude Autant-Lara.
  • 1956 - « Le Chanteur de Mexico » de Richard Pottier.
  • 1960 - « Zazie dans le métro » de Louis Malle
  • 1965 - « La Grande Course autour du monde » de Blake Edwards.
  • 1967 - « Un idiot à Paris » de S. Korber.
  • 1980 - « Superman II » de Richard Lester.
  • 1981 - « Les Uns et les Autres » de Claude Lelouch.
  • 1983 - « Le Ruffian » de José Giovanni.
  • 1984 - « Rive droite – rive gauche » de Philippe Labro.
  • 1985 - « Dangereusement vôtre » de John Glen.
  • 1997 - « Le loup-garou de Paris » de A. Waller.
  • 2000 - « Epouse-moi » de Harriet Marin.
  • 2003 - « Le Divorce » de James Ivory et « Il fuggiasco » (le Fugitif) d’Andrea Manni.
  • 2005 - « Le démon de Midi » de Marie-Pascale Osterrieth, « Angel-A » de Luc Besson et « La légende vraie de la Tour Eiffel » de Simon Brook.
  • 2006 - « Da Vinci code » de Ron Howard.
  • 2007 - « Rush Hours III » de Brett Rattner.
  • 2010 - « From Paris with Love » de Pierre Morel et « Adèle Blanc-Sec » de Luc Besson.

 

The Tower also inspired poets, writers, and philosophers

Among them can be named Blaise Cendrars, Guillaume Apollinaire, Louis Aragon, Raymond Queneau, Jean Cocteau, Jean Giraudoux, Le Corbusier, François Coppée, Dino Buzzati, and Guy de Maupassant, not to mention Roland Barthes and his magnificent texts (“The Eiffel Tower” - Ed. Delpire - 1964).

Music

A source of inspiration for songs, another tradition is to put on grandiose events at its feet, like that of the 25th September 1962 when Darryl F. Zanuck organised a mind-blowing event for the launch of the film “Le jour le plus long” (“The Longest Day”). Edith Piaf appeared on the 1st floor and sang in front of 25,000 Parisians. Charles Aznavour and Georges Brassens would follow in 1966 to help the campaign against hunger. Jean-Michel Jarre presented the 50th birthday of UNESCO on the 14th July 1995. The “3 Tenors” concert brought together over 200,000 spectators in July 1998 at the foot of the Tower to listen to José Carreras, Placido Domingo and Luciano Pavarotti. Johnny Hallyday broke all the records in June 2000 by uniting 600,000 spectators for a concert and pyrotechnic event.

The Tower is also a privileged place for private concerts and other showcases in the reception room on the 1st floor, such as those of Alanis Morissette, Robbie Williams, Texas, Raphaël, Marc Lavoine, Christophe Maé, Justin Bieber, and VV Brown, as well as Véronique Sanson.

A few songs:

  • Jacques Hélian : « Paris, mais c’est la Tour Eiffel… »

  • Charles Trénet : « Y a d’la joie, la Tour Eiffel part en balade… »

  • Jacques Dutronc : « La Tour Eiffel a froid aux pieds… »

  • Léo Ferré : « Paris portait sa grande croix… » 

  • Pascal Obispo : « Je suis tombé pour elle… »

  • Musical theatre: “Les Mariés de la tour Eiffel” (“The Marriage on the Eiffel Tower”) by Jean Cocteau  
  • "Silhouette": a work from Estonian composer Arvo Pärt for string orchestra and percussion. As homage to Gustave Eiffel, it was created in 2010.

The Eiffel Tower and Advertising

For many years, the Eiffel Tower has been used in advertising. On the spire of the Tower itself, between 1925 and 1936, “Citroën” was written in luminous letters.  

Since then, Air France, La Samaritaine, Sony Ericsson, Yves-Saint-Laurent, Jean-Paul Gaultier, Philips, Nina Ricci, Alain Afflelou, ADP, American Express, Dior, and Givenchy, are among the best known brands to have used it as a reference image.

How to use image of the Eiffel Tower ?

Its most original artistic vocation: pyrotechnics

From as early as 1888, a firework was set off to celebrate the completion of the construction of the monument.

In 1937, for the Exposition des Arts et Techniques, a lighting system was designed by the architect André Granet. Every evening, magnificent fireworks, veritable fountains of fire, were set off from each of the Tower’s three floors.

More recently, the “Countdown to the Year 2000”, a veritable dance of fire and light, broadcast by 250 television channels around the world, fired the planet’s imagination. The event was produced by Groupe F and ECA2.

Lastly, on the 14th July 2009, the traditional pyrotechnics took place on the Tower (and not at the Trocadero, where the firework show to celebrate the Fête Nationale was still put on by the Mayor of Paris) following the theme of its 120th birthday.